Dakshin Kosala holds an impartant and significant place in ancient Indian States. As for as, its origin is concern. It has its deep source regarding its information in Mahakavya and Puranas. The Ramayana reveals that after the reign of lord Rama, His kingdom was divided into two parts. It was mainly South Kosala and North Kosala . Lava become the king of North kosala and his capital was Shravasti. South kosala was given to kush. It also has been assumed on the basis to of puranas that kush had made set up for a city known as kushawati across the mount Vindhya. Vayu Purana also signifies this fact and strongly supports.
Mahabharata tells that due to the terror of Jarasandh. People of eastern portion of kosala immigrated to the south. According to porzitar. People of kosala took shelter in chattisgarh and started living there. Not only this much but also they strongly believe that lord Rama spent his maximum period of vanvasa in Chattisgarh. Thus, Mahakavya and puranas provides much information regarding south kosala.
Mahakavya, Puranas and many inscriptions gives information about the condition of south kosala. These references gives information regarding the nearest states of south kosala and enlightes its conditions. It has Tripuri and mekal in its north, kantaror dense forest of Bastar in south, kalinga, tosali (dhauli, odra, utkal, in east and venatat or venganga resides in its west.
As far as physical expansion of south kosala is concern,it covers today’s chattisgarhs Raipur, Bilaspur, Rajnandgaon, Raigarh and Sarguja. Besides of this Orissas Sambhalpur Balangir and Kalahandi.
Cite this article:
Nitesh Kumar Mishra. Dakshin Kosala and Buddhist Art. Int. J. Ad. Social Sciences 1(2): Oct. –Dec. 2013; Page 66-69.