Urbanisation means an increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas compared to rural areas. An urban area is a built-up area such as a town or city. A rural area is an area of countryside. As a country industrialises, the number of people living in urban areas trends to increase. The UK and many other MEDCs urbanized during the 18th and 19th centuries. People migrated from rural areas to urban areas .Where there was employment in the new factories. The area of cities known as the inner city developed during this time as rows of terraced housing were built for workers.
Urbanization is the process of increasing population growth in cities and suburbs; it also includes the increase of industrialization. There is more involvement in government, industry and trade in urban areas. The word urbanization derives from "urb," which is the Latin word for city. The United States and Europe had the majority of urbanization occur during the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century. There is no universal standard of how urbanized areas are classified. In America, an urbanized area has a population of at least 50,000.
Cite this article:
Archana Sethi. Urbanisation in India: Trends and problem. Int. J. Ad. Social Sciences 4(2): April- June, 2016; Page 129-132.